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Battier, Marc



Tuesday 19 July 2005, by Pierre Couprie

All the versions of this article: [English] [français]

Marc Battier introduces the history of music laboratories. After a short introduction focused on early electric instruments, he presents the three first laboratories (studios in Paris, Cologne, Milan) and their developments. The second part contains a history of three important revolutions in electroacoustic music: the synthesizer, live electronics and computer music. To conclude, he explains the relationships between musical research and laboratories.

This article contains 9 parts:

  1. Musique concrète and the birth of experimentation
  2. Cologne and the advent of music laboratories
  3. The development of electronic music laboratories throughout the world
  4. The establishment of European studios
  5. Genre fusion: the Studio di fonologia musicale
  6. The synthesizer and the evolution of laboratories
  7. Development of live electronic music
  8. How computer music came to the rescue of laboratories
  9. From the laboratory to musical research
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